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Occasionally, disagreements may arise between tenants and landlords. Usually these can be resolved amicably; however, in some cases, you may need to escalate the matter to the Rental Disputes Centre (RDC).

The relationship between a landlord and tenant can sometimes sour if one of the parties fails to honour the terms of the contract during the tenancy period.

In Dubai rental dispute cases typically arise when you have exhausted all means of communication and cannot reach a settlement with your landlord.

What Are the Most Common Reasons for Dispute?

There are many reasons for dispute between landlord and tenant, but the most common ones are the following:

What Is the Entity Responsible for Tenants/Landlords Disputes in Dubai?

Whenever there’s a dispute between owner and tenant, they should go to the Rental Disputes Centre (RDC) in Dubai where a specialized committee will solve their case.

It was established specifically to help in the resolution of disputes between landlords and tenants. If you are unable to reach a mutually agreed rental dispute resolution, you may wish to file a complaint against the landlord to have Dubai authorities intervene.

How to lodge a rental dispute ?

To submit a rental dispute against the landlord you should make sure you have originals and copies of the following documents when filing your rental dispute:

How Does the Process Go?

After preparing the above mentioned documents, it is important to note that they will need to be translated into Arabic, as this is the official language of the courts in Dubai. Once you have your documents ready:

How Much Does It Cost to Lodge a Rental Dispute?

To submit your rental dispute with the landlord, specific charges should be paid. Check below to know how much you should pay:

Where Is the Rental Dispute Center Located?

The Rental Dispute Center is located in the Department of Land and Property in Dubai.

The Real Estate Regulatory Agency is where you can complain about a rental agent who has cheated on you. Not just that, if they caused you any other problems while renting, don’t hesitate to ask for the agency’s help.

For more detailed information please read How to file a rent dispute case?

Eviction

The eviction process has many rules that should be followed whether you’re a landlord or a tenant. This will help you in avoiding rental disputes that require a lawyer in Dubai.

Besides, if you’re an owner and want to know how to evict a tenant without a rental agreement, you should know your rights and duties well as per the law.

When Can a Landlord Evict a Tenant Prior to Expiration of the Tenancy Period?

Under the Dubai Tenancy Law, Article 25 (1), a landlord may demand eviction of a tenant prior to the expiry of their tenancy period in the following circumstances:

When Can the Landlord Evict a Tenant Upon Expiration of the Tenancy Period?

Upon expiration of the tenancy term, the landlord cannot evict a tenant in Dubai unless the reason for removal is clearly stated in Article 25 (2) of the Dubai Tenancy Law.

A landlord may demand eviction of a tenant on expiry of the tenancy contract in the following cases:

When Should the Landlord Notify the Tenant with the Eviction Reasons?

Whatever the eviction reason is, the landlord must notify the tenant with reasons of eviction at least ninety (90) days prior to the expiry date of the tenancy contract. This is the specified eviction notice period in Dubai according to the law.

The Rental Disputes Settlement Centre was established in Dubai to help the landlord and tenant in time of a dispute.

What If the Landlord Needs the Property for Personal Use?

If the landlord wants to retain the property for personal use, Article 26 (2) of the Tenancy Law prevents the landlord from renting the property to a third party for a period of two years.

However, in the case of non-residential properties the landlord cannot rent it before three years, unless the (RDC) determines a lesser period.

If the landlord rents the property within the restricted time frame, directly breaching Article 26 (2), the tenant can also request the RDC award compensation.

What Is the Notice Period for Eviction?

Whether you’re a landlord or a tenant, eviction rights are important. You should know them well as Dubai has a specified eviction notice period according to its law.

For Owners:

For Tenants:

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Rental Increase

What Is the Allowed Amount of Rental Increase?

You should know your legal rights to avoid rent increase disputes. It is important especially if you are about to renew your tenancy contract and thinking of renegotiating the annual rent amount with your landlord.

Decree No. 43 of 2013 governs rental increases for property in Dubai. This law establishes whether a landlord is entitled to increase the annual rent, and the percentage increase that can be applied to the property.

There are standards used to justify a landlord’s ability to increase the rent. They are based on whether the existing lease falls within the average rental for similar properties or not.

This is known through using the Rental Increase Calculator by RERA to limit rental disputes.

When Is a Rental Increase Permitted?

Under the Dubai Rental Price Index, landlords may adhere to the following framework for rental increases:

What Are the Variables that Affect the Amount of Rent Increase?

RERA determines the rent index and to what extent an increase will apply, based on the following:

The information used by RERA to obtain the average rent is collected from DLD’s Ejari system.

What Is the Rent Increase Notice Period in Dubai?

If the landlord demands an increase in the rent upon renewal, you are not obligated to agree to it.

So, what are your rights in this situation?

Things to check in case the landlord asks for rent increase:

In this instance, you and your landlord will have to agree upon what you feel is a fair price.

If you do not reach an agreement, you can submit a complaint to the RDC.

What Should You Do After Refusing the Rent Increase?

If you refuse the rental increase as proposed by the landlord, you must provide 60 days notice before the renewal date that you will be vacating the property.

Conversely, you are seeking negotiating a rental decrease, so you must ensure a written request is issued to the landlord.

It should be submitted within the 90 day period before the expiry date of the tenancy contract. This is according to the Tenancy Law, unless both parties agreed on other details.


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